İlayda Üzümcü

Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Bursa Uludağ University, Bursa, Turkey

Keywords: COVID-19, pandemic, SARS-CoV-2, vaccine


The deadly novel coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus has been declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization. The incubation period of the virus, which first emerged in Wuhan, Hubei province of China, is 2 to 14 days. In this review, we discuss the epidemiology, virology, transmission, pathogenesis, immunity and diagnosis of the virus. In addition, vaccine strategies, vaccine stages, vaccine platforms, and various current vaccine studies are reviewed.

Conflict of Interest

The author declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Financial Disclosure

The author received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.