The relationship between calcium and obesity
Çayan Kuytak, Jale Çatak
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey
Keywords: Calcium metabolism, calcium, obesity
Dietary and behavioral approaches to obesity, a serious public health problem worldwide, have not prevented the progression of obesity. Scientists have explored the mechanisms of adipose tissue and intracellular calcium to find different therapeutic methods for obesity. Although the first step in the treatment of obesity is energy restriction, studies have shown that dietary calcium can play an important role not only in the regulation of skeletal integrity but also in energy metabolism. The anti-obesity effect of calcium has been demonstrated by animal studies, observational population studies and randomized clinical studies. However, some studies have failed to explain the effect of calcium in obesity treatment. Although the protective effects of calcium against obesity and comorbidities are promising, larger studies are needed. This review investigates the anti-obesity mechanisms of action of dietary calcium in animal studies, observational population studies, and randomized clinical trials.
The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.
The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.